Hydraulic Ram training set-up is used for pumping small quantity of water at high head, when large quantity of water at small head is available. The principle of operation is that when flowing water is suddenly brought to rest in a long pipe, a phenomenon known as water hammer occurs, wherein a pressure wave travels along the pipe. This principle is used in the Hydraulic Ram to pump water.
The set-up consists of a box incorporating pulse and non-return valves and a supply reservoir on a stand which is fed by the overhead tank. An air vessel above the valve chamber smoothes cyclic fluctuations from the Ram delivery. Different pressure may be applied to the pulse valve to change the closing pressure and hence the operating characteristic.
Scope of Study:
- To find out discharge of useful water and waste water.
- To find out the efficiency of the Hydraulic ram.
Ram : Supply Head 1.0 m, Delivery Head 4 m (Max.)
Water Circulation: 1 HP Pump, Crompton make.
Sump Tank : Capacity 140 Ltrs. (approx.)
Overhead Tank : Capacity 50 Ltrs. (approx.)
Air Vessel : Suitable Capacity.
Flow Measurement : Using Measuring Tank (30 Ltrs. approx.) for waste water & Measuring cylinder (1Ltr.) and for useful water
Stop Watch : Electronic
Pressure Gauge : Bourdon type.
Components mounted on the control panel are:
Standard make On/Off Switch, Mains Indicator, etc.
*An ENGLISH instruction manual with elaborate experimental procedures and block diagram etc. shall be provided with the training system set-up.